Saturday, 30 October 2010

Balinese Hinduism

   Balinese Hinduism is also known as Agama Hindu Dharma. Practitioner of Agama Hindu Dharma share many common beliefs, which include :
1. Belief in one supreme being called "Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wase" / "Sang Hyang Tunggal"/ "Sang Hyang Acintya".
2. Belief that all the Gods are manifestation of this supreme. 
3. Belief in TRimurti, consisting of Brahma (The creator). Vishnu ( The Preserver) and Shiva (The destroyer). 
4. Belief in all of the pther Hindu God and Goddesses (Hyang, Dewata and Batara-Betari / Deva-Devi).

  The secred texts found in Agama HIndu Dharma are the Vedas. They are the basis of the Balinese Hinduism. Other sources of religious information include the Puranas and the Itihasa (mainly Ramayan and Mahabharata). Balinese temple is called "Pure" and unlike the common towering indoor Hindu Temples in India, the HIndu temple of Bali is design as an open air worship place within enclosed walls. Some Temples are associated with the family house compound, other are associated with rice fields ect.

  A priest is not affiliated with any temple but acts as a spiritual leader and adviser to individuals families in various villages scattered over the island.

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